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Sodium Chloride
What is it? Overview Usage Side Effects and Warnings

Sodium Chloride Overview

Written by FoundHealth.

(SOW dee um KLOR ide)

U.S. Brand Names

4-Way® Saline Moisturizing Mist [OTC]; Altachlore [OTC]; Altamist [OTC]; Ayr® Allergy Sinus [OTC]; Ayr® Baby Saline [OTC]; Ayr® Saline No-Drip [OTC]; Ayr® Saline [OTC]; Breathe Free® [OTC]; Deep Sea [OTC]; Entsol® [OTC]; Humist® for Kids [OTC]; Humist® [OTC]; Hyper-Sal™; Little Noses® Saline [OTC]; Little Noses® Stuffy Nose Kit [OTC]; Muro 128® [OTC]; Mycinaire™ [OTC] [DSC]; Na-Zone® [OTC]; Nasal Moist® Saline [OTC]; Nasal Spray [OTC]; N?Sal™ [OTC]; Ocean® for Kids [OTC]; Ocean® [OTC]; Pretz® [OTC]; Saline Mist [OTC]; SalineX® [OTC] [DSC]; Simply Saline® Baby [OTC]; Simply Saline® Nasal Moist® [OTC]; Simply Saline® [OTC]; Syrex; Wound Wash Saline™ [OTC]

Mexican Brand Names


Pharmacologic Category

Electrolyte Supplement, Parenteral; Genitourinary Irrigant; Irrigant; Lubricant, Ocular; Sodium Salt

What key warnings should I know about before taking this medicine?

• This medicine does not mix well with some medicines. Serious reactions may occur. Check all medicines with healthcare provider.

Reasons not to take this medicine

• If you have an allergy to sodium chloride or any other part of this medicine.

• Tell healthcare provider if you are allergic to any medicine. Make sure to tell about the allergy and how it affected you. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other symptoms involved.

Oral and injection:

• If you have high sodium levels or swelling.

• If you are on a low-salt or salt-free diet.

How does it work?

• Sodium chloride is a salt supplement.

• It restores salt and water losses.

• It can pull extra fluid out of a swollen area.

How is it best taken?


• Take tablets with or without food. Take with food if it causes an upset stomach.

• A liquid is available if you cannot swallow pills.

• Those who have feeding tubes can also use the liquid. Flush the feeding tube before and after medicine is given.


• This medicine is given as a shot into a vein.

• This medicine is given as a shot into a vein over a period of time.

Oral inhalation:

• For inhaling (puffing) only by an inhaler or as a liquid (solution) through a special machine (nebulizer) into the lungs.


• Do not take this medicine by mouth. For the nose only. Keep out of mouth and eyes (may burn).

• Blow your nose before use.


• Wash hands before and after use.

• Clean affected area before use. Make sure to dry well.

All eye forms:

• For the eye only.

• Wash hands before and after use.

• Take out contact lenses before using medicine. Lenses can be replaced 15 minutes after medicine is given. Do not put contacts back in if eyes are irritated or infected.

• Do not touch the container tip to the eye, lid, or other skin.

• Tilt head back and drop medicine into eye.

Eye drops:

• Shake well before use.

• Gently press the skin under the lower eyelid and pull the lower eyelid away from the eye slightly until you can see a small pouch.

• Insert one drop. Wait 1 minute between drops.

• After using medicine, keep your eyes closed. Apply pressure to the inside corner of the eye. Do this for 3-5 minutes. This keeps the medicine in your eye.

• Separate each eye medicine by 5 minutes.

Eye ointment:

• Gently pull down the lower lid and squeeze in the prescribed amount.

• Release the lower eyelid and keep eyes closed for 1-2 minutes.

• Separate each eye medicine by 10 minutes.

What do I do if I miss a dose? (does not apply to patients in the hospital)

• Take a missed dose as soon as possible.

• If it is almost time for the next dose, skip the missed dose and return to your regular schedule.

• Do not take a double dose or extra doses.

• Do not change dose or stop medicine. Talk with healthcare provider.

What should I monitor?

• Change in condition being treated. Is it better, worse, or about the same?

• Follow up with healthcare provider.

How should I store this medicine?

• Store at room temperature.

• The injection will be given to you in a healthcare setting. You will not store it at home.

General statements

• If you have a life-threatening allergy, wear allergy identification at all times.

• Do not share your medicine with others and do not take anyone else's medicine.

• Keep all medicine out of the reach of children and pets.

• Most medicines can be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.

• Keep a list of all your medicines (prescription, natural products, supplements, vitamins, over-the-counter) with you. Give this list to healthcare provider (doctor, nurse, nurse practitioner, pharmacist, physician assistant).

• Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or in Canada to Health Canada's Canada Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.

• Talk with healthcare provider before starting any new medicine, including over-the-counter, natural products, or vitamins.

Created: 2008-07-10 13:10:18.0

Modified: 2010-03-15 13:37:22.0

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