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A TURP is done when a man has an enlarged, noncancerous prostate. This is called benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) . In BPH, the prostate grows larger and presses against the urethra and bladder. The pressure can cause problems with the normal flow of urine.
A TURP may also be done when a man has prostate cancer. It may be done if the doctor thinks that a complete prostate removal surgery is too risky. In this case, TURP is done to remove part of the prostate to relieve urine blockage and lessen symptoms. It is not done to treat the cancer itself.
TUR syndrome (occurs in about 2% of patients, usually within the first 24 hours) might occur. Symptoms may include:
- Increase or decrease in blood pressure
- Abnormal heart rhythm
- Increased breathing rate
- Nausea or vomiting
- Blurred vision
Other complications may include:
- Urinary tract infection (most common)
- Bleeding, which may require blood transfusion (second most common)
- Incontinence (inability to control urine)
- Retrograde ejaculation—sperm goes into the bladder rather than out the end of the penis (not dangerous)
- If you plan on having children in the future, talk to your doctor about this surgical side effect before surgery.
- Reaction to anesthesia
Some factors that...